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Italeri 1117 Junkers Ju-188 "RACHE"

Artikelnr: Italeri 1117
Italeri

Junkers Ju-188 "RACHE"

LIMITED EDITION

De Junkers Ju 188 was een Duitse Luftwaffe high-performance medium bommenwerper gebouwd tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog, de geplande opvolger van de Ju 88 met betere prestaties en laadvermogen. Het werd slechts in beperkte aantallen geproduceerd, zowel door de aanwezigheid van verbeterde versies van de Ju 88, als door de steeds effectievere geallieerde strategische bombardementencampagne tegen de Duitse industrie en de daaruit voortvloeiende focus op jachtvliegtuigenproductie.

In 1943 was het de bedoeling om alle versies te upgraden met nog meer vleugeloppervlak en een cockpit onder druk voor werk op grote hoogte. Een enkel basiscasco zou worden aangeboden in drie versies, de Ju 188J zware jagerJu 188K bommenwerper en de Ju 188L verkenningsversie. Net als bij de gestroomlijnde Ju 88S deden alle drie de modellen van het late model Ju 188 afstand van de Bola- gondel, wat leidde tot een schoner neusprofiel en de bommenwerper- en verkenningsversies monteerden hun lading in een lange fietstas onder de centrale romp in plaats van de diepere romp. van de G- en H-modellen.

Twee uitvoeringen mogelijk;

  • Junkers Ju-188 A-1, Luftwaffe.

  • Junkers Ju-188 E-1, Luftwaffe.

Lang; 197 mm.

Schaal 1:72

Italeri 1117

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Beschrijving

Junkers Ju-188 "RACHE"

LIMITED EDITION

The Ju 188 was designed to be fitted with either the 1,750 PS (1,290 kW, 1,730 hp) Jumo 213A or 1,700 PS (1,250 kW, 1,680 hp) BMW 801 G-2 engines without any changes to the airframe. It was originally intended that both would be known as A

models, but the naming was later changed: the Ju 188A model powered by the 213, and the Ju 188E by the 801.

The first three production Ju 188 E-1 machines were delivered with the BMW engines in February 1943, another seven in March, and eight in April. A conversion testing unit was formed up in May, and after testing were attached to an operational unit, with the first mission, an attack by three Ju 188E-1s on a factory in Lincoln, Lincolnshire taking place on 18 August 1943. By the end of the year, 283 Ju 188s had been delivered (including Ju 188Fs), and two new factories were added to the production effort. Most operational machines differed from the prototypes only in having a 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon in the nose and dorsal turrets in place of the 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131. The MG 131 I was intended to be used in the Ju 188 E-1 or the G-2. But the heavy armament in the A and E series was the MG 151/20. The Ju 188 E-2 was built as a torpedo-bomber, but was identical to the Ju 188 A-3.

Although the A and E models were to have been delivered at the same time, the Jumo engine was still having difficulties getting into production. Nevertheless, the first Jumo powered Ju 188 A-1 versions were shipped only shortly after the BMW versions, albeit at a much slower rate. By the time delivery rates were finally picking up in late 1943, the Jumo was available in a new MW 50 methanol-water injection "boosted" version that delivered 1,648 kW (2,241 hp) for takeoff. With this engine, the planes were known as the Ju 188 A-2, and started deliveries in early 1944.

A modified version mounting a small FuG 200 Hohentwiel sea-search radarr set under the nose and shackles for a torpedo for naval strike missions was delivered as the Ju 188 E-2, and with the Jumo as the Ju 188 A-3. The only other difference was the removal of the outer pair of wing bomb shackles.

For all its good points, the Ju 188 was only a small improvement over the Ju 88 it was supposed to replace. The bombload and bomb bay was no larger than the earlier plane, so although it could handle a larger load by mounting externally, doing so hurt performance. Even then the performance was rather poor considering all the effort - only 523 km/h (325 mph) or less. The dorsal turret had only one gun in it, yet the type retained the single-gun flexible position only a few centimeters away from it. In the meantime, the various projects to finally provide the plane with real tail armament were all abandoned.

Delivery problems of the Jumo 213 were never entirely sorted out, and the only model to be built in large numbers were the E series with the BMW 801. Even then so few were available that they were generally given out to Ju 88 units, who flew them on "special" missions where the longer range or better performance would be helpful.

Some 500 Ju 188A and E variants were built up until the summer of 1944, when production ceased.

Twee uitvoeringen mogelijk;

  • Junkers Ju-188 A-1, Luftwaffe.

  • Junkers Ju-188 E-1, Luftwaffe.

Lang; 197 mm.

Schaal 1:72

Italeri 1117

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