Livonia was roughly where today there is Latvia and Estonia, and was the product of attempts to conquer and Christianise the pagan peoples of the area. In 1202 Bishop Albert of Livonia founded the Brotherhood of the Sword, an Order like the Teutonic Knights, who were to carry out this work. After a disastrous defeat at the hands of the Lithuanians in 1236 the remnants merged with the Teutonic Knights, and were known as the Livonian Order. In time these Northern crusaders turned their aggression toward Orthodox Russia, only to be defeated by Prince Alexander Nevski at Lake Peipus.
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